SIKH BELIEFS

What are the Sikh Core beliefs?   

Sikhism is open to all regardless of background and it emphasizes equality and justice for all. Every Sikh is enjoined to work for spiritual, economic, and political uplift of all in society.  Sikhs believe in the oneness of God, and that the world is God’s manifestation. Each human being has a Divine origin, and can merge with the Divine source by living a life based on three moral principles.  

The Three Golden Rules which Sikhs follow are to: 

  • Remember God constantly
  • Earn an honest livelihood
  • Share their earnings with everyone through charity. 

Sikhs show commitment to their faith by adopting a way of life which requires them to wear the Five K’s. 

Do Sikhs believe in reincarnation?  

Sikhs, like believers of all other Indic faiths, believe in transmigration of the soul. Each lifetime is an opportunity for one to break the cycle of life and death through living a life of devotion to God and being ethical in one’s conduct. God’s grace is central to one’s ascension.  Sikhs believe that the purpose of human life is to be one with the Divine, and it is only through this unity that one can achieve salvation.  

Do Sikhs believe in One God? Then why are there multiple Gurus?  

Yes, Sikhs are believers in one God and believe that one can achieve oneness with the Supreme Power through the Guru’s guidance.  Sikhism started with Guru Nanak’s experience with the Divine, and then this revelation continued through nine other human Gurus (for a total of ten human Gurus).  Finally, the Guruship was passed on to the Holy Scriptures called the Guru Granth Sahib. 

How does one become a Sikh?  

One becomes a Sikh by believing in One God, following the principals of Sikhism laid down by the Gurus, and having a Sikh identity in the form of long uncut, unshorn hair and having a head covering. The final step is to become an initiated Sikh by adopting four additional articles of faith.

Is there a religious law that Sikhs follow?  

Sikhism does not propose any law which supersedes local laws based on democratic principles. It does not propose any theocratic setup, and it does not have dogmas that it would want to impose on non-Sikhs.   Sikhs believe that government should be compassionate toward the downtrodden, and must create a system by which each one is given equal opportunity.  In other words, Sikh believe that society’s rules should be influenced by universal moral principles.   The founders of Sikhism instructed Sikhs to use common sense and be practical in dealing with issues arising in each new age.  Sikhs do not proselytize, and do not believe in imposing their beliefs on others, either through state force or individual conversions. 

What is the difference between the Sikh Gurus and God?  

While God is the ultimate truth, the Guru is someone who has experienced oneness with God.  The Guru guides one to become closer to God, and takes one from the darkness of ignorance to the light of wisdom. (Gu is “darkness” and Ru is “light”). 

Who is God, according to Sikhs?  

God is defined in the Sikh scriptures as One, Infinite, the Ultimate Reality, the Creator, Without fear and enmity, Timeless, Unbound to a life cycle, Self-illuminated, or Attained by the Grace of the Guru. 

Is Sikhism a cross between Hinduism and Islam?  

No, Sikhism is different from both Islam and Hinduism, and has been interpreted wrongly as being a cross between Hinduism and Islam. Guru Nanak was born in a Hindu family, and yet he refused to follow the dictates of his own family tradition. He revealed his own unique teachings. Sikhism is an independent spiritual path with its own precepts, social principles and organization.